Supplements for cardiovascular health


The high sodium intake increases blood pressure, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

At Tufts University (Massachusetts, USA), some researchers have investigated the effects of sodium intake on cardiovascular deaths worldwide. In particular, Dariush Mozaffarian and colleagues analyzed data collected from 205 surveys of sodium intake in countries that account for nearly three-quarters of the world's adult population. They then combined the data with other global nutritional data, and calculated the consumption of sodium in the world by country, age, and sex.

The effects of sodium on blood pressure and blood pressure on cardiovascular disease were determined separately. These results were combined with the actual rates of cardiovascular disease in the world to estimate the number of cardiovascular deaths attributable to the consumption of sodium above to 2.0 g per day. The researchers found that the average level of sodium consumption worldwide in 2010 was 3.95 g per day, almost double the 2.0 g recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).

All regions of the world are above recommended levels, with regional averages ranging from 18.2 g per day in sub-Saharan Africa at 5:51 g per day in Central Asia. In the United States, the average daily intake of sodium is 3.6 g, 80% more than the WHO recommendations.
The researchers found that reduced sodium intake lowers blood pressure in all adults, with major effects identified among older individuals, blacks, and those who suffer from hypertension. In particular, the authors point out that: "Four out of every 5 deaths (84.3%) occurred in low-and middle-income countries, and 2 out of every 5 deaths (40.4%) were premature (before 70 years of age). " 

Source: Worldhealth 

Supplements for cardiovascular health