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Adopt a diet low glycemic load , based on the principles of the traditional Mediterranean diet, can lower the risk of type 2 diabetes. To eliminate or severely restrict, however, the high glycemic load foods such as those high in refined sugars.


People whose eating patterns are close to the principles of the Mediterranean diet, low glycemic load are 20 % less likely to develop diabetes. And what emerges from a study conducted by Carlo La Vecchia, MD, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research in Milan, and colleagues, published in the journal Diabetologia.

"The impact of the two diets is synergistic . Combining the benefits of the Mediterranean diet with those of a low glycemic load diet, you can prevent diabetes," the researchers say.

The study was carried out on residents of Greece who participated in the ongoing European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) , created to investigate the impact of diet and lifestyle on the risk of diseases such as cancer and diabetes. In over 11 years of follow-up , 2,330 cases of type 2 diabetes were identified among the 22,295 study participants.

All participants completed a food frequency questionnaire immediately after enrollment in the study , and the responses were used by researchers to develop a score of 10 points, where the number 10 reflects the higher adherence to the diet. The average daily glycemic load for each participant was obtained from the calculation of the carbohydrate content per serving for each food shown, multiplied by the average number of servings of food per day , multiplied by the glycemic index of food. The glycemic index values ​​assigned to individual foods were obtained from three sources: the American Society for Nutrition 's Foster -Powell table, the values ​​for British potatoes , and the University of Sydney GI index .

Conclusions: A higher score in the adoption of a Mediterranean diet is inversely associated with risk of diabetes. Likewise, a low glycemic load is associated with a lower risk of diabetes.

"About half of the plate should be made ​​up of fruits and vegetables, a little more than a quarter from cereals and a little less than one quarter from protein. Adoption of this dietary pattern would represent a huge step forward to lower the risk of disease, " the researchers conclude. 

Source: Worldhealth  

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